Monday, 5 December 2016

The Avengers Assemble

I'm sure many of us have heard of superheroes (though many of the younger generation probably weren't exposed to the cartoons that I was as a kid), and a number of us have probably even seen one or more of the movies in which these superheroes appear. As for me, while I remember watching the Batman and Superman cartoons as a youngster I was never really a big fan of the superhero genre, though I would go and see the odd movie when it was released in the cinema (or borrow one from the video store if there was nothing else available), however, for some reason, they never really appealed to me. I have bought the occasional comic just to see what they were like, but after reading them once they end up being given away namely because, without fail, I tend to find them boring.

However, the thing with the superhero comics is that they tend to be serialised, and the few that I have read are always referring us back to previous comics to explain something one of the characters said in the current comic (though it will only mention to comic and not expand upon what the character is talking about). In fact, the comics will also cross over between series, and even bring a group of superheroes together to form what would best be called a 'superhero club' (though I'm not entirely sure if club is probably the best word to use). Within the Marvel universe you have the X-men, which is comprised of mutants, and then there are the Avengers, which are comprised of superheroes (the difference between a mutant and a superhero is that a mutant is born with their powers, where as a superhero gains them later on in life, though it should be noted that not all of the members of the Avengers have superpowers per se - in fact, at least in the first phase, only two of them have super powers - the Hulk and Captain America - Thor doesn't count as he is an alien).

Anyway, we are now into Phase Three of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, and one of the problems that I have encountered with the franchise is that there are quite a lot of references to events in previous movies that it is starting to make some of the newer movies a little difficult to follow. In fact, when I watched Captain America: Civil War, there were a bunch of characters that I was struggling to remember where they came from. Even in the first Avengers Movie there were elements in that film that relied upon assumed knowledge. As such I decided that I would sit down and rewatch the films in order, and in doing so write a post on the two phases that have been completed (though I will finish the second phase at Avengers: Age of Ultron, as opposed to Antman, have some have suggested).

In writing this the TV series Agents of Shield and Daredevil will not be included as I do not believe they are critical to the story line behind the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), as I suspect (I haven't watched them) they are simply there for people who need their weekly dose of superhero action (which I don't). Mind you, as a side note, I would consider that the superhero genre is actually a subset of the broader science-fiction genre, though it is a lot more speculative than some of the science fiction stories around. Still, even though I am a big fan of science fiction, once again, that didn't really extend to the superhero stories.

Mind you, these films seem to be turning into a television series in and of themselves, with each of the films being its own episode. As I have already mentioned, there are things that occur in the earlier films that are starting to become important in the later films, and characters are introduced that make me scratch my head. For instance, in the Avengers the plot involved an artifact known as the Tesseract, however, despite having seen the Captain America movie, I had completely forgotten what the Tesseract was about (and also the subtle hints that there were connections with Asgard). Also, I had completely missed the fact that Black Widow (aka Natasha Romanov - though in the movies she doesn't go by the name Black Widow) was actually introduced in Iron Man 2. Oh, and then there are the post credit scenes which, if you miss them you end up missing a hint for the lead up to the next film (though the post credit scene in Captain America is basically an advertisement for The Avengers).

Anyway, what I will do if look at each of the films individually, and also, hopefully, create a reference for people to refer to so that they don't have to watch the entire series again everytime a new movie in the franchise appears.

Iron Man

I simply cannot begin writing about Iron Man without starting off with this:


Okay, while Iron Man may not technically be the first in the MCU (the Hulk was, but that appears to have been ignored) it is the theoretical start of the series. Basically we have Tony Stark, a billionaire playboy who has inherited his father's fortune (and his father, Howard Stark, does play an important role in this phase, as will become apparent later), however is your typical spoilt brat who spends his life going from party to party. However, he also happens to be a bit of a mechanic. In fact he built his first electronic circuit at the age of twelve, so he is pretty cluey when it comes to stuff like this.

Anyway, Stark Industries is known for being a weapons manufacturer, and has multiple contracts with the American Government. At this time the United States is at war with insurgents in both Afghanistan and Iraq, however it is Afghanistan that is the major focus of this film. Actually, the film begins with Tony Stark traveling through the Afghani desert in a military jeep, after having demonstrated a weapon that can theoretically end a war in one shot. However, while they are returning to base the convoy is attacked by insurgents and Tony Stark is captured.

This begins a chain of events that inevitably change him. First of all, as he is taken into the camp, he discovers that the insurgents (actually a criminal organisation known as the Ten Rings) have a bunch of weapons that were built by Stark Industries, however they want him to build his latest weapon, and hold him prisoner until he does. Instead Stark, being the mechanic that he is, builds his first Iron Man suit, escapes, and returns to the United States where he announces in a press conference that Stark Industries is getting out of the weapons business.

This angers the CEO of Stark Industries, Obadiah Stone, to no end, and he then begins to work to remove Tony Stark from control of the company. While Obadiah is going about his plans, Tony is down in his workshop perfecting the Iron Man suit that he first built in Afghanistan. However, he also discovers that Stone, who is the villain of the piece, doesn't want to give up Stark Industries' lucrative weapons business, especially since he is actually selling weapons to both sides in the war.


Iron Man basically sets the scene for the Marvel Universe, though it could also be suggested that the creators were testing the waters to see how well it would be received. No doubt the fact that there are now two movies a year being released under the Marvel banner attributes to the success of this first movie. Here we are not just being introduced to Iron Man, but also to some of the other important characters, and groups, that will make up the series, including S.H.I.E.L.D. (which is now known as the Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division), though the name isn't revealed until the end of the film.

The movie also sets up Tony Stark's character, namely that he is a flamboyant billionaire who is also a genius when it comes to building things, however he is also pretty egotistical, and more interested in parties than in the actual serious business of running his company. However this comes to a head when he discovers that his company has been double dealing, and that building and selling weapons may not be the most ethical way of making money. As such we begin to see a change in Stark's character, however despite the fact that he may own a controlling interest in the company, he doesn't actually control the company - which sets up the final showdown between him and Obadiah Stane (who also builds an exo-suit, and is also known as the Iron Monger).

There are a couple of key themes in this movie, the first being how Stark comes to realise that weapons aren't toys - while it is all well and good to have them in the hands of his allies, when they fall into the hands to the wrong people then bad things are going to happen. Up until he is captured he was pretty blaise about the whole industry, happy to let his company make millions selling weapons to the US Army and not worrying about any repercussions. However, once he discovered that not only does his enemies have access to his weapons, but that they are being sold to them, he realises that he is actually in the wrong business and decides to bring an end to it.

However, this causes a lot of problems, namely because the conservative forces, in the form of Obadiah Stone, don't want to stop - double dealing is an incredibly lucrative business, and as Stark Enterprises is a private corporation, then loyalties aren't owed to any particular state, but to the profit motive. The problem with war is that it is a very lucrative business, especially to the weapons manufacturers, and for their profits to continue to increase, the wars need to continue to be fought - and what better way to keep to wars going than to make sure that both sides in a conflict are fully armed. This is what Tony Stark, upon having his moment of realisation, decides he wants to put a stop to, however it turns out that it isn't going to be all that easy to do.

Incredible Hulk

I hadn't actually seen this film until recently (namely when I decided to watch the Marvel movies through again). I had heard that it is not actually a sequel to the 2003 movie, however the film does begin after Bruce Banner escapes and flees to South America. However, where the first film finishes with Banner hidden in the jungle, this film begins with him living in the slums of an unnamed city in Brazil working a day job at a bottling factory. Further, he has gone for quite a long time without turning into the Hulk, and is learning to control his emotions so that he might remain in control. 


As I have mentioned, the film begins with him in Brazil working in a factory, and it seems as if his previous life has been left behind - that is until a drop of his blood accidentally lands in a drink bottle that makes its way to the United States. While Banner manages to clean up most of the blood that is spilled, he misses a bit, and it ends up in the hands of none other than Stan Lee (playing the cameo that he plays in pretty much each of the films), who keels over and dies. This information pretty quickly arrives on the desk of General Thunderbolt Ross who hires a British special forces operative, Emil Blonsky, to travel to Brazil to track Banner down, which they do so quite successfully.

Unfortunately for those involved, Banner, while attempting to flee from the military, runs into some factory workers who simply want to pick a fight with him - huge mistake - Banner turns into the Hulk and not only pummels them to the ground, but also deals with the military forces who are after him, and then disappears into the jungle, where he wakes up somewhere in Central America. Realising that he simply cannot run from his past, he makes the decision to return to the United States and attempt to find the one person who can provide him with a cure.

Of course Blonksy is not too happy that he wasn't told the whole story about Banner, however Ross manages to calm him down not only by coming clean, but also offering him some treatments that would give him the agility, and strength, of somebody half his age. Anyway, to cut a long story short, Banner grabs his old girlfriend (who happens to be Ross's daughter) has a huge fight at a university, and then makes his way to New York City for the final showdown. However Blonsky isn't happy with the small operation that he has undergone, and wants to go further, and eventually becomes the Abomination, which results in him, and the Hulk, pretty much smashing up Harlem.


I guess the key theme in this movie is how the military's desire to have an edge can, in the end, be its own worst enemy. Here we have the military attempting to hunt down the Hulk, not to find a cure for Banner, or to help him, but to use him as a weapon against their enemies. Mind you, the one thing that Ross never seems to realise is that one simply cannot control the Hulk - despite the fact that Bruce Banner is a pretty quiet, and non-violent guy, the Hulk is incredibly dangerous - and Banner knows this, which is why he is working so hard to keep him under control.

The same goes with Emil Blonksy. At first he says to General Ross that he would love to have the knowledge that he has now in a body that was half his age, and Ross provides him with an opportunity to do just that. Unfortunately for Ross this backfires because Blonksy, every time he is defeated, simply wants more and more power. This hasn't anything to do with him being smart, it is him seeking to win battles through brute force, and he realises that until he can defeat the Hulk through brute force alone, he is not going to be satisfied. However, this results in him becoming the Abomination, a beast that Ross pretty much loses control of - and turns Blonsky into an animal.

It is interesting to see the two sides of the coin with regards to these super soldiers - one of them is a scientist, and a pacifist, who seeks to control and suppress the creature, where as the other is a warrior, one who is not satisfied with the limited power that he has and continues to want more and more until it eventually consumes him. While Banner at times is forced to turn into the Hulk, he does so reluctantly, and only does so to protect those he loves and the innocent population at large, where as the warrior doesn't want to control his powers, and eventually becomes an incredibly destructive force than can only be stopped by a man who wants to be rid of his abilities.

Iron Man 2

The events of Iron Man 2 occur around the same time as that of the Hulk, and begins sometime after the events of Iron Man 1. Since Stark tends to be one of those honest guys that finds it difficult to live the double life that most superheroes live, at the end of the first movie he came out and pretty much told the entire world that he was Iron Man, and is now basking in the glory of being a superhero. However there are a number of people that aren't too impressed that there is this private citizen running around in a suit of armour that they don't have any control over.


One of the things that seem to regularly pop up in the Iron Man series are some of Stark's dark secrets. In this film it involves a man that Tony's father worked with years ago, but parted ways. He is now living in Russia with his son, Ivan Vanko and is on his death bed. When Vanko learns that Tony Stark is Iron Man he sets about to create his own version of the Iron Man suit, and thus becomes Whiplash. He then travels to Monaco where he confronts Tony Stark while Stark has decided that we wants to actually be a formula one driver as opposed to sitting on the side lines.

Anyway, when it becomes apparent that Stark isn't the only person with the technology to create these suits the US government becomes ever more concerned, and calls Stark into congress to provide them with a 'please explain'. Meanwhile one of Starks competitors, Justin Hammer, brings Vlanko onto the payroll and has him develop his own version of the Iron Man suit, however Vlanko goes one step further and doesn't create an exo-skeleton, but rather develops a series of drones, which then go on display at the Stark Convention. However, as it turns out, Vlanko is not one of these people who can easily be controlled, and proceeds to set these drones to start shooting up Queens (at the same time that the Hulk is smashing up Harlem).

Meanwhile, throughout the film, we are dropped hints of something happening down south, which is a lead up to the next film in the series.


There are a couple of things that I would like to touch on here, and one of them being that while Whiplash (and Justin Hammer) is the villain of the piece, the real enemy is Tony Stark's ego. Sure, he has taken control of his company, and attempting to move it in a new direction, but a lot of people really don't seem to trust him. Not only is he running around showing off his new suit, but he is also descending into alcoholism, and also using his suit inappropriately, not just to show off at the convention, but as little more than a party trick. While he had been approach by S.H.E.I.L.D. in the first movie, he had turned the opportunity down, and this has concerned people even more - which results in his friend, Rhodes, stealing one of the suits and becoming War Machine.

The other idea, which starts to come to play in Phase Three, is the concern over private individuals having so much power. The US Government wants to take possession of the suits, and wants Tony Stark to build them for the government, however Stark no longer wants to work in the weapons industry, and resists all attempts to turn the suits over, believing that he is the only person he can trust that can use the suit appropriately. However it seems that while he trusts himself, nobody else, including his close associate Pepper Pots, particularly trusts him, which is why Nick Fury puts Natasha Romanov, aka the Black Widow, onto his staff.

The problem with private security is who they are answerable to, though one also argues that is the same problem with the government - if the government is only answerable to the people whenever an election comes about, and if that is only the elected representatives, not the bloated bureaucracy, then government controlled security isn't that trustworthy either. However, in Iron Man, what we have is this power in the hands of a single man, and a rather egotistical man at that, who also happens to be an alcoholic. This creates an even bigger problem, particularly when there are other concerns that need to be addressed (such as the events down in New Mexico).


The Marvel Universe takes a bit of a detour here and heads off-world to the realm of Asgard where we are introduced to the 'god' Thor and his brother Loki (as well as the other Asgardians). One of the reasons for this is that Thor is a key part of the Avengers, but is also provides us with a break from the typical human based superheroes that were the product of Iron Man and The Hulk. Here we have an entity from mythology who was at one stage worshiped as a god, who is now being introduced into the universe. What it is also doing not creating the mythology that exists beyond Earth, and beyond the physical universe, but setting up the ancient Norse universe as the universe in which the Marvel films exist.


Basically the film begins with a bit of a backstory where we are told that one time, in the distant past, the Frost Giants were ravaging the Earth, however they were defeated through the intervention Odin, who banished them to the realm of Jotunheim and took possession of the Casket of Ancient Winters. We then fast forward to the present where Thor has come of age, however during his coming of age ceremony frost giants manage to sneak into Asgard, but are stopped before they can get their hands on the Cask of Ancient Winters. Thor decides that we wants to go and teach the frost giants a lesson, but his forbidden by his father. Thor then goes behind his father's back and does so anyway, and as punishment is stripped of his powers and banish to Earth, along with his hammer, though is told that only somebody worthy of wielding the hammer can pick it up.

Thor must then begin to adapt to life as a mortal, but is assisted when he meets up with some scientists who are studying stellar phenomena in the desert. Meanwhile the hammer is discovered and after a bunch of yokels gather around to attempt to pick it up, without success, S.H.I.E.L.D. moves in, clears them out, and sets up a base to try to both study it and to pick it up. Thor tries to get the hammer back, only to discover that he can't even pick it up, and leaves dejected to plan his next move.

Meanwhile on Asgard Odin falls into a deep sleep after revealing to Loki that he is adopted and is in fact a Frost Giant. Loki then assumes the throne and spreads the rumour that Odin is dead. However the people of Asgard are concerned about the way that Loki rules, and Thor's companions decide to travel to Earth to warn Thor of what has happened. Not wanting to give up the throne, Loki sends a creature to Earth to destroy Thor. At the last minute, Thor decides to sacrifice himself, which makes him worthy of the hammer, then defeats the creature, returns to Asgard where he confronts Loki, and destroys the Bi-Frost, which is the gateway to the other worlds, which also results in Loki falling into the abyss.

Key Themes

What we see in this film is Thor's coming of age. He is the natural heir to the throne, however he needs to learn to act like an heir, which means that one simply cannot retaliate every time an enemy makes a move against them. This is something Odin knows, and also knows that by attacking the Frost Giants will only result in further retaliation, which will eventually lead to war - something that Odin really doesn't want. As such, the only way for Thor to learn what it means to be a leader is to have all of his privileges stripped from him (something which leaders of today should really undergo - leadership isn't a right, it is a privilege, and it is a privilege that should be treated with respect, yet many people seem to consider it a right, and it is this attitude that actually makes them bad leaders).

As I have already mentioned, this film also expands the Marvel Universe beyond the confines of the Earth, and he were see SHIELD playing a more X-files type of role as opposed simply being some generic security attachment to the CIA. Also, while he isn't mentioned in the credits, we are also introduced to another of the Avengers - Hawkeye, who makes a brief appearance when Thor storms the SHIELD base in an attempt to take back his hammer (without success). However, it should be noted that when Thor actually becomes worthy of the hammer, the hammer comes to him, as opposed to him going to the hammer.

Finally, this film sets up one of the main reasons why Thor becomes one of the avengers - his experience of humanity. By becoming a mortal Thor begins to understand what it means to be a mortal, which means it is much easier for him to be able to relate to the other avengers, and to also have a reason for wanting to help defend the Earth. Once again, this is something that many people should experience for themselves - it is easy for a politician to claim to know what it is like to be a normal person, struggling from paycheck to paycheck, but when everything has been given to them, and they pretty much live without want, it provides a barrier between knowing, and understanding. The same goes for many employers, who seem to treat their employees as little more than human resources - when one has to get by on minimum wages, wondering how the next bill is going to be paid, it provides a much greater perspective on society than simply being shut away from the struggles of the ordinary person.

Captain America - The First Avenger

Now we jump back to the height of World War II to see the creation of the character who is probably considered the leader of the Avengers (though that is using the world lightly since the suggestion is that the Avengers are a rather disparate bunch). Not only that, but this film also provides us with a bit of a backstory where not only do we discover the beginning of the super soldier program, but also get to meet Tony Stark's father, Howard Stark.


The setting is in Brooklyn New York and young Steve Rogers really wants to be able to fight in Europe, however the problem is that is repeatedly fails the physical exams, no matter how often he takes them, or where he takes them. However, while he is at one of Stark's expos in Queens with his best friend Bucky, he tries once again but this time he is pulled aside by a scientist who wants to use him in a super soldier experiment. Meanwhile, in Europe, a faction of the Nazi Party, known as Hydra, raids a monastery in Norway and steals an item known as the Tessaract. Hydra then begins to use the Tessaract to create powerful weapons with the intention of overthrowing the Nazi Party and becoming the new world power.

Meanwhile Steve is sent to boot camp where he is pretty much outclassed by every soldier with the exception of common sense (which he demonstrates by retrieving a flag not by climbing the flagpole, but by removing a pin and letting the flagpole fall to the ground). He is then selected for the experiment, and undergoes the process and emerges much stronger, and fitter, than he was before. However Hydra had managed to infiltrate the organisation, shoots the doctor, and attempts to flee with the formula, but is stopped by Steve Rogers.

With the professor dead the project is basically canned, and Steve Rogers, who is given the persona Captain America, is sent around the country to raise support for war bonds. However Rogers wants to get in on the action, but with the program canned he simply finds himself as a celebrity - that is until he lands up in Italy where he discovers that his friend Bucky has been captured by Hydra and being held prisoner. Taking matters into his own hands, he heads to the Hydra base, rescues the captured soldiers, and confronts the leader who reveals himself as Red Skull. However Red Skull then escapes to fight another day.

Rogers then forms what I believe are called the 'Fighting Furies' who travel across Europe attacking and destroying other Hydra bases. They then confront Red Skull in the last base, however Red Skull manages to escape on a plane that he intends to fly over the Atlantic and destroy New York City. Cap gets on the plane, defeats Red Skull, and then crashes the plane into the Arctic (after dropping the Tessaract into the middle of the Atlantic Ocean where it is retrieved by Howard Stark) where he is frozen, and the awakens 70 years later in the present.


As I have mentioned, this forms more of a background to the current universe, and also introduces the Tessaract, which plays an important role in The Avengers. We also learn that Stark obtained the Tessaract, which he used to develop the Arc Reactor - a powerful clean energy source that is explored in Iron Man 2. What we also learn is the beginnings of the super soldier program, a means to create a soldier that exhibits super human abilities, and while the research ended up stalling - namely because the professor was killed and nobody was able to continue his research, they did build on his research and ended up creating the Hulk and the Abomination.

We also have the idea of the enemy within the enemy. This is not a question of the enemy of my enemy is my friend, but rather that within the Nazi Party there was an organisation that operated with a lot of freedom, but was simply using the Nazi Party to further it's own goals. Once Red Skull had obtained the Tesseract he no longer needed the Nazi's to hide behind, however continued to do so so as to keep suspicion diverted away from him. However, as becomes apparent, Red Skull's operations were soon exposed, which resulted in Captain America and his band of soldiers coming after him.

The Tesseract was originally introduced in Thor, however that was in the post credits scene. Here we see a connection between the Tessaract and the Asgardians, especially since it is discovered hidden in a monastry in a carving of Ygrissal, the world tree. Mind you, the actual connection isn't revealed here, but rather a few hints are dropped as to its origins. What we do know, from Thor, and the end of this film, is that it lands up first in the hands of Howard Stark, and then finds its way to SHIELD.

The other interesting thing that I noted was that the original Captain America comics appeared in 1940, during the Golden Age of comic books, which is why the original film places him in a World War II setting. The original character had Bucky Barnes has his side kick, however this was dropped when Stan Lee took over as he doesn't particularly like the idea of superheroes with sidekicks (that is so DC Comics).

The Avengers

This is the conclusion to the first phase and not only brings all of the main characters (and some side characters) together to form the Avengers, but it also ties up a number of lose ends, and sets the stage not only for the next phase, but also for the grand finale, as the main bad guy, Thanos, is introduced (though only in passing, and if you blink, you basically miss it).


Well, it turns out that when Loki fell into the Abyss he didn't die (but then again that was always going to be expected), however he is rescued by a being known as The Other, the leader of an alien race known as the Chitauri. He is promised sovereignty of Earth if he retrieves the Tesseract. Mind you, this is Loki were are talking about, and since his appearance in Thor he has become a lot more ambitious, and doesn't see why he should accept orders from the Other, however he agrees and travels to Earth. Well, it is actually quite easy for him to get to Earth because the Tesseract opens up a gate in the SHIELD compound, and he captures Hawkeye and Dr Selvig, takes the Tesseract, and flees off into the night.

Loki then reappears in Germany, where he seeks a device that will allow him to harness the power of the Tesseract and open a gate to allow the Chitauri to come to Earth. However he is captured by the Avengers, but Thor then rocks up and a battle erupts between Thor, Iron Man, and Captain America. They then take Loki onto one of SHIELD's carriers to return to New York to retrieve the Tesseract. Loki, being Loki, turns the Avengers onto each other (which isn't particularly hard to do), and then proceeds to smash up the carrier while Hawkeye rescues Loki and flies back to New York. 

Despite the fact that they have been scattered, the Avengers manage to get back together in New York just as the gate opens and the Chitauri invade. This results in a huge battle which lasts for most of the movie, before the World Security Council decides to nuke New York City, but Iron Man grabs the missile, flies it into the wormhole, and uses it to blow up the Chitauri mothership. The film then ends with Thor taking Loki prisoner, and taking the Tesseract back to Asgard for safe keeping (because, not surprisingly, humans simply cannot be trusted with such power).


Well, the idea of an Avengers movie, where we have multiple superheroes staring together, is that the challenge is more than one of them can handle, and what better than an Alien Invasion. While Loki is probably a match for two of the Avengers, when you bring The Other, and the Chitauri, into the mix, you are basically going to need a lot more, and some luck on their side as well. However, while it is handy having all these superheroes together to deal with such problems, there are always dangers - particularly if they don't happen to get along. This, once again, lays the seeds for what what begins to happen in Phase Three (or even Phase Two).

While they aren't mentioned by name, we are also introduced to two of the infinity stones, though we only see one of them - the one in Loki's staff. The staff was actually given to him by the Other, and isn't something that he picked up in Asgard. However that isn't the case with the second infinity stone - but I will leave it at that and move on to my final point - the Arc Reactor.

I probably should have mentioned this under the heading for Iron Man 2, as this is where the concept is developed a lot more, however it is a powersource that is cheap, and clean, and came about through the use of technology derived from the Tesseract (while we aren't necessarily told this, we don't actually know what happened to the object between the time when Howard Stark discovered it and SHIELD obtained it, though it seems that Tony Stark had no idea of its existence). The Arc Reactor powers the electromagnet in Tony's chest, which works to prevent shrapnel sinking into his heart, but also provides a power source for his suit. It also is the object that Stark is using to turn his company from a weapons manufacturer to a clean energy producer - Stark Tower, which has been completed in this film, is actually powered by an Arc Reactor. What is also interesting is that we learn that Pepper Potts also helped design the tower, which suggests that Stark is losing some of his ego-centricity.

However I will wrap it up here and continue in Phase 2.

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The Avengers Assemble by David Alfred Sarkies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This license only applies to the text and any image that is within the public domain. Any images or videos that are the subject of copyright are not covered by this license. Use of these images are for illustrative purposes only are are not intended to assert ownership. If you wish to use this work commercially please feel free to contact me

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